Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831 Les Miserables, 1862 Les Travailleurs de la mer, 1866 Les Châtiments, 1853 Les Contemplations, 1856 La Légende des siècles, 1859 Hernani, 1830 Ruy Blas, 1838
Victor Hugo (February 26th, 1802-May 22nd, 1885) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights activist, and exponent of the Romantic movement in France. In France, Victor Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem, and Hugo is sometimes identified as the greatest French poet. Outside France, his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris (also known in English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame). Although a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed; he became a passionate supporter of republicanism, and his work touches upon most of the political and social issues and artistic trends of his time. He is buried in the Panthéon.