|Also Known As||
|Cause of Death||
Prison Guard (formerly)
Javert was born in a prison in 1780 to a fortuneteller, and a father who was a galley slave. He grew up on the streets, until he became a prison guard in Toulon in 1803, at the age of 23. It was here that he first came across Jean Valjean, a convict was was serving nineteen years in prison for theft, and multiple escape attempts.
Javert's first appearance in the book is in Montreuil sur Mer, where he is a newly-appointed inspector under the mayor, Monsieur Madeleine. Madeleine, who was already running a successful and well-established business involving the production of beads, becomes mayor of the town at around the same time as Javert arrives. The mayor is truly Jean Valjean, who is merely going under the alias of Monsieur Madeleine.
At the docks in Montreuil sur Mer, Javert arrests the prostitute Fantine for attacking a bourgeois, Bamatabois. He sentences her to six months in prison, as, at the time, Inspectors could do what they pleased with the people of Fantine's class. However, before he can lock her up behind bars, Monsieur Madeleine intervenes, freeing her. Seeing as she is ill with tuberculosis, the mayor takes her to the hospital, to Javert's great protest.
When Old Fauchelevent, a villager, gets trapped under a fallen cart, Madeleine uses his exceptional strength to help lift the cart off of him. The power that Monsieur Madeleine exudes confirms Javert's suspicion that the man is Jean Valjean, thus sends in a report to the Prefecture, denouncing the mayor as an ex-convict.
After a few days, Javert receives a letter stating that Jean Valjean had been arrested in Arras, going under the name of Champmathieu, and that is is summoned to the trial. Upon seeing the innocent, Champmathieu, Javert believes that he recognizes him as Jean Valjean. He then returns to Monsieur Madeleine, the true Valjean and asks to be dismissed from his position as Inspector. The mayor, however, states that Javert is at no fault, as he had only followed his duty. It is after this that Monsieur Madeleine goes to the same trial and reveals himself as being Jean Valjean.
Upon hearing the news that Monsieur Madeleine had been Jean Valjean all along, Javert goes to the hospital where Fantine is ill, and knows Valjean visits often. When Fantine sees Javert, she dies from the sudden shock, as she believes that he is still out to arrest her. His intention was to arrest Valjean, which he does succeed in doing. He is sent back to Toulon.
Less than a year later, Javert reads in the paper that Jean Valjean has died, although he hears rumours about a man living in the Gorbeau tenement, who apparently has a coat lined with millions, which he gives to the poor. Javert then moves into a neighbouring room in the tenement, disguising himself as a mendicant. At night, when Valjean gives him the money, they recognize each other instantly. By the next evening, Javert brings in other officers to chase him down, but it is too late, and Valjean escapes with the young child Cosette.
Following the suspicious activity of the Patron Minette, Javert is alerted of a robbery that was scheduled to take place in the very same Gorbeau tenement as years prior. The man who brings this to his attention is Marius Pontmercy, upon whom he bestows two pistols to shoot in case of danger. Waiting outside the house, and despite not hearing the pistol-shot, Javert enters to confront the Patron Minette, the most dangerous gang in Paris, single-handedly. He manages to arrest all of them, save for Claquesous.
In the year 1832, Javert, now Inspector of the First Class under the Prefecture of Police, disguises himself, and becomes a spy, relaying false information to the boys at the barricades. However, before he can do much damage, the Thénardier boy, Gavroche, recognizes him, and informs the leader of Les Amis; Enjolras. With very little provocation, Javert then admits to being a spy, and is quickly tied up in the back room of the Musain. Before the barricades fall, Jean Valjean, who was at the barricades to rescue Marius, ends up also saving Javert's life, by volunteering to shoot him. Valjean takes Javert to a place where no onlookers are able to see, then unties him and fires the gun in the opposite direction, allowing him to go free. Marius, who remembered Javert from the Gorbeau tenement, believes that Valjean has murdered Javert.
Javert returns promptly to his post by the Seine, waiting with a fiacre he had hired, when he sees a man emerge from the sewers, with another slung over his shoulder. So covered in sewage is the man, that Javert doesn't recognize him until he states that he is Jean Valjean. He is about to arrest Valjean once more, when the man requests for Javert to take him to Marius' grandfather, Monsieur Gillenormand. With great hesitation, he eventually does so, and once that deed has been completed, he takes Valjean to his residence for only a brief moment. When Valjean returns from his house, ready to be taken back to prison, Javert is gone.
Returning to the parapet by the Seine, Javert enters, and begins to write "Notes for the good of the service", pertaining to the slight betterment of overall life in prison. This strongly reflects Javert's change of heart, as before that moment, he merely cared about his duty, and not the negative consequences that his actions would bestow upon others. Javert, being one who could only see in black or white, found it impossible that a man like Jean Valjean, who had been an ex-convict, could have possibly bettered himself. In Javert's mind, any path he took would have been wrong, due to his now-shattered world views, and growing admiration for Valjean. He knew that to set Valjean free would be to release a felon, yet to arrest him would be to arrest a good man. This inner derailment, and utter inability to choose a side, forces Javert to choose the only path he sees before him- suicide. He dies by throwing himself into the raging waters of the Seine from off of a parapet. Soon after, his body is found and recovered from the water, then is disposed of.
In the book Edit
Javert is a meticulous man, who is driven by his passion to fulfill his duty. His actions are full of both confidence and conviction, and he is quite sure of himself in general. Javert despises thinking, unless it pertains to the law, which contributes towards his strong dislike towards reading. It makes it easier, however, for him to maintain his composed façade whilst deep in thought on the job. He is able to keep absolutely calm in otherwise stressful situations, such as confronting the Patron Minette, a dangerous Parisian gang, alone.
Inspector Javert does have a few quirks and odd habits. Although he is a man who allows himself little pleasure, he occasionally takes a pinch of snuff, though it is nothing frequent. He has a habit of muttering into his cravat, as well as fiddling with small objects.
One of the many flaws of Javert is that he is honest. This is indeed a flaw because, as a spy especially, he is forced to pretend as if he were not an Inspector. This can prove difficult if he is recognized, as he is on the barricades by Gavroche. His brutal honesty is what leads him to confess to being a spy without hesitation.
Javert's black and white world view is prominent throughout the whole book, yet it is most blatant in the chapter Javert's Derailment. (Javert in Disarray in some translations) To see the world in two ways, black or white, meant that there was always a choice which was good, and a choice which was bad. It meant, also, that either a man was good, or a man was bad. This was what led Javert to be so confident to the point of recklessness. In the end, his inability to be able to see grey, or accept that man could change, and not every answer was wholly right nor wholly wrong, led to his downfall.
- Javert's Introduction (2012 film only)
- Fantine's Arrest
- The Runaway Cart
- Javert's Apology (2012 film only)
- Who Am I? (silent)
- The Confrontation
- The Robbery/Javert's Intervention
- One Day More
- Building the Barricade (Upon These Stones)
- Javert's Arrival
- Little People
- The First Attack
- The Final Battle
- Dog Eats Dog (The Sewers)
- Javert's Suicide
List of PortrayersEdit
- Jacques Mercier – Original French Concept Album
- Jean Vallée – Original Paris stage cast
- Roger Allam – Original London cast
- Terrance Mann – Original Broadway cast
- Thomas Goerz – Original Canadian cast
- Takeshi Kaga and Takita Sagae - Original Japanese Cast
- Jack Dorland – 1987 Glasgow cast
- Andrzej Słabiak, Andrzej Śledź - 1989-2000, Musical Theatre in Gdynia
- James Mikelberg – 1990 Frederciton cast
- Patrick Rocca – 1991 Paris revival
- Sayama Haruki - Original Japanese Cast and 1987-1990 Japanese Tour
- Kunio Murai - 1994 Japanese Red Cast and 1989-2001 Japanese Tour
- Kiyotaka Imai 1994 Japanese Blue Cast and 1991-1994 Japanese Tour
- Philip Quast – Complete Symphonic Recording, 1995: 10th Anniversary concert
- George Karaiskos – 1997 Florida cast
- Michael McCarthy - 1997 Concert in Chelmsford
- Mayo Kawasaki - 1997-2001 Japanese Tour
- Ryu Kano - 1997 Japanese Tour
- Côme Villneuve – 1998 Québec cast
- Phillip Escosora – 1998 Dover tour
- Soma Suzuki - 2000, 2005-2006 Japanese Tour
- Hans Peter Janssens – 2006-2010 West End Production
- Roger Tirazona - 2001 Malta tour
- Shuler Hensley - 2001 Broadway
- Jerome Pradon - 2001-2002 West End Production
- Luis René Aguirre - 2002 Commissioning Mexican scene
- David Masenheimer - 2002 West End production
- Masaaki Uchino - 2003 Japanese Violet Cast and 2003-2004 Japanese Tour
- Masahiro Takashima - 2003 Japanese Light Blue Cast and 2003-2004 Japanese Tour
- Kojiro Oka - 2003 Japanese Green Cast and 2003-2011 Japanese Tour
- Takuya Kon - 2003 Japanese Orange Cast and 2003-2011 Japanese Tour
- Norm Lewis – 2006 Broadway revival, 2010-2011 West End Production & 25th Anniversary Concert at the O2
- Ishikawa Zen - 2007-2011 Japanese tour
- Hiroshi Abe - 2007-2009 Japanese tour
- Justin Andrus, Jack Wood – 2008 Vancouver youth production
- Steven Evdox – 2009 St. John's cast
- Łukasz Dziedzic - 2010-2012 Roma Theater in Warsaw
- Ignasi Vidal – 2010-2011 (Madrid). 2011-2012 (Barcelona)
- KENTARO – 2011 Japanese Tour
- Hadley Fraser – 2011-2012 West End Production
- RGS High Wycombe 2013 School Edition – Lewis Cochrane
- Shoichi Fukui - 2013 Japanese 25th Anniversary tour
- Mitsuo Yoshihara, Tetsuya Kamaguchi and Masaaki Kamada - 2013 25th Annivarsary Japanese tour and 2015 Japanese Tour
- Tam Mutu – 2012-2014 West End Production
- Earl Carpenter – 2010 London cast, and 2013 Toronto tour
- Ignasi Vidal – 2013/2014 Spain tour
- Hesam Mustafa – Lawrence Park CI's 2014 school edition
- David Thaxton - 2014/15 West End Production (Current)
- Yuji Kishi - 2015 Japanese Tour
- John Rapson - Les Miserables Broadway 2014 (u/s) and Les Miserables US Tour (u/s)
- William V. Ranous – 1909 film
- Henri Étiévant – 1913 films
- Hardee Kirkland – 1917 film
- Jean Toulout – 1925 film
- Charles Vanel – 1934 films
- Charles Laughton – 1935 film
- Hans Hinrich – 1948 film (credited as Giovanni Hinrich)
- Robert Newton – 1952 film
- Bernard Blier – 1958 film
- Tino Carraro – 1964 mini-series
- Anthony Bate – 1967 mini-series
- Bernard Fresson – 1972 mini-series
- Antonio Passy – 1973 series
- Anthony Perkins – 1978 film
- Michel Bouquet – 1982 film/1985 mini-series
- Geoffrey Rush – 1998 film
- John Malkovich – 2000 mini-series
- Takashi Matsuyama -Shōjo Cosette anime 2007
- Russell Crowe – 2012 film